Banking and Finance Jobs

Understanding Banking and Finance Careers

Careers in banking are both lucrative and rewarding, but at the same time are varied and diverse. Before choosing a career in finance, one should take a step back and consider which type of position would suit the individual. For example, should one apply for a career in retail banking or try for a more lucrative position within a multinational corporate bank? The final decision is an important one. Therefore, we hope this brief yet informative guide will help you find your way.

Retail Banking

Retail banking represents the branch networks of High Street banks. The entry-level career in this type of banking is the counter teller whose job it is to deliver service with a smile to visiting members of the public. Duties mostly involve routine deposits and withdrawals of funds from personal and business bank accounts, but can include basic advice on various financial products. The qualifications required for this type of position are at least a secondary education and some form of customer service and cash handling experience. Other retail banking positions include personal managers and business managers, usually promoted from the counter staff, whose job it is to open new bank accounts, issue loans and offer advice about financial products including insurance and mortgages. Lastly, we have the bank manager who oversees the branch and its activities. Retail banking jobs do not require university qualifications and so thus are a perfect career choice for less academic individuals.

Investment Banking

Investment banking covers far more specialized financial services, looking after the needs of commercial, industrial and governmental clients. Careers in this field include investment bankers, stockbrokers and financial analysts. Duties consist of the setting up and management of corporate loans, the handling of company acquisitions and mergers and the day to day trading of stocks and shares. To qualify for an investment banking career, one has to boast excellent written and verbal interpersonal skills and have a good academic track record, i.e. A levels, with at least one degree in any subject. Graduate training courses and internships are available, but are in short supply, meaning competition for places is tight. A wise move for those wishing fast-track to high-end finance jobs would be to study for a degree in a related field, such as accountancy, economics or financial planning, and use such a qualification to move into a relevant finance banking career.

Reasons To Use An Online Bank

Online banks are not recent evolutions in the financial world, with humble beginnings starting in the early days of the internet around 1995. Today, using an online bank is universal and widely popular.

We’re speaking of internet banking, with all the product and service found in traditional banks, but with much of the overhead removed. Internet-only banking is the marriage of cloud computing with high-tech efficiency. It delivers a transparent super-charged system of personal money management.

A word to the wise, here, it’s not the same as using your traditional banks e-commerce or mobile services. The online bank experience has advantages not matched by the traditional banks with their widespread physical presence and higher operating costs.

Savings Accounts

Savings account balance requirements are rather friendly with online banks. On average you only need a balance of $350 or higher with online banks before service fees kick in.

Traditional banks average $4,500 minimum balance to get out of fee charges. My personal bank requirement is $3,500. A $12 per month fee applies if the balance drops below $3,500, even if for one day.

Beyond lower fees, interest rates paid by online banks are higher. The four largest brick and mortar banks in the U.S., all with worldwide presence, pay 0.01% annually compared to 0.95 – 1.00% with their online siblings.

Framing this in real dollars, $10,000 in a savings account at 0.01 percent interest will earn a whopping $1 after a year. However, $10,000 at 0.95 percent will yield $95 in interest. That’s $94 extra dollars before the power of compound interest growth kicks in.

Checking Accounts

You can open most checking accounts with $0.00 – $50 at internet-only banks, and account fees are generally lower than store-front banking. Often, standard checks are at no cost, plus free re-orders are common.

Other bank assessments like overdraft fees, transfer charges, and special service costs are lower, too. There are some online banks that charge nothing for overdraft transfers, ACH transfers and cashier’s checks.


No doubt ATM service is a must in banking and lets traditional banks run with a smaller footprint. While online services can’t top the corner bank for branded ATM locations, they do offer a functional alternative.

Allpoint ATM network is predominantly used for automated teller services by online banks. Allpoint ATM has 55,000 free for use ATM’s in North America in retail locations like CVS Pharmacy, Target, Costco, and others. Some internet banks will reimburse for fee’s charged at non-network ATMs as a way to offset site limitations.


While this is a bit tricky for some people, depositing money into an online account really isn’t difficult. As with local banks, you can easily deposit checks or cash into a network ATM.

Using a mobile banking app, deposits are possible from anywhere and at anytime, as long as a wireless network is available. Mobile deposits are as simple as snapping a picture of a check. The bank app records the deposit directly into your account.

Moving funds between accounts and transferring funds outside the bank system are just as convenient. Direct deposit of paychecks is straightforward with the app, too. It’s no surprise that brick and mortar banks have moved into the mobile app arena.


Security always seems to come up when internet and cloud computing is the topic. I won’t say much about this other than data theft is a problem, but no more so whether with an online bank, private company, physician’s office, or any business that stores data electronically.

This is scary to a lot of people, but I can tell you that banks with physical buildings don’t offer any more comfort. Their data storage is cloud centered and transactions are electronic data transmissions.

Financial institutions ranging from Federal facilities, to Wall Street institutions, to local banks house our personal information in big data centers. In fact, data center companies are a huge business sector in America. While cyber security is a serious issue, it is not any greater issue with an online bank than the bank down the street.


The comforts found in a traditional bank are still important to a lot of people. Face to face contact is still a need at times, and traditional banks beat in areas such as loan officer availability, brokerage services, real estate & mortgage specialists, and other professionals.

But, it also comes down to the fact that brick-and-mortar branch banking carries a lot of costs, with the greatest being physical buildings and staff. This overhead passes straight to customers through fees, charges, and low-interest rates.

Online banks are cheaper to run because they don’t have buildings to keep up nor large staffing needs. You can do everything done in traditional banking, but with efficiency, lower cost, and higher earnings return using an online bank. With the online bank, it’s all about low fees and higher interest rates.

For many people, online banking is not the best option. For others, however, mobile app’s, cloud technology, and mobile communication are second nature in their lives already. The online bank could simply be an extension into their current virtual world.

I have been an active investor for over 35 years. My investments have always been self directed. I favor value stocks with dividend growth and income potential. My tendency is to hold long positions in equities qualifying as Dividend Aristocrats.

The Seeds To Harvest personal blog came out of a lifelong interest in personal finance. This interest has led to teaching community classes to a variety of groups. Retirement activities include travel and volunteer site coordinator with the VITA Tax Program.

Investment experience in Equities-REITS-Oil & Gas Royalties-Utilities-Varied Fixed Income.